Now, when you hear the word fungus, you automatically think of something terrible that will cause problems for either you or the thing that it's growing on. While that may be true in some cases, in others, fungi can actually be beneficial.
Traditionally, fungi have been lumped into the same category as bacteria and other small plants without leaves, stems and roots, but over time we have learned that fungi are in a category all by themselves and there are many different types that you are likely to come across in your garden.
Want to know which ones? Read on to find out more!
What are fungi?
The broad definition of fungi is an organism that doesn't produce its own food, reproduces via spores, have cell walls that are made up of chiton and have cell nuclei. While that may sound like a lot, you'd be quite surprised to find out the common conditions and items that are caused as a result of fungi.
For example, did you know the yeast used to make beer is actually a fungus? Or that athlete's foot is caused by a specific fungus? The fungal kingdom is vast and wide with contributions to a lot of common aspects of society, including medicine, cheese and bread!
Common garden fungus
One place that you're likely to find fungi growing is in your garden. Here is a list of some of the common types of garden fungus:
- Stinkhorns - This type of garden fungus can be typically found in lawns around the base of dead trees or within flowerbeds that have been mulched with wood chips. They are often produced during cool, wet periods of weather during the late summer and autumn and cause no harm. Stinkhorns develop within a round or flattened egg, typically one to three inches in diameter in either a pink, white, lilac or beige colour.
- Slime moulds - Despite being classed as a garden fungus, slime moulds are unique when it comes to their development. It survives the cold winter season in soil and thatches layers as spores. These spores then germinate during periods of cool, wet weather to produce other types of spores which feed on microorganisms and organic matter. Slime mould is not parasitic so will not cause any sort of plant disease. This garden fungus is typically found on the surface of mulch, plant stems, grass or wood chips.
- Sphere throwers/cannon fungus - Also know as Sphaerobolus, sphere throwers are a garden fungus commonly found growing on rotting wood. Their fruiting bodies have a white/pink/yellow colour to them that mature into a cup shape. As a result of growing pressure, the cup shape that they develop begins to turn inside out, giving them an unusual appearance. This fungus also does not harm any living plants.
- Bird's nest fungi - Similar to the sphere throwers above, bird's nest fungi grows on the rotting wood that you have in your garden. As its name suggests, this fungi looks like a miniature bird's nest, so won't be very difficult to identify. It carries a light brown appearance but may also be yellow, grey or white. And just like Sphaerobolus above, because this is a fungus that lives on decaying plant matter, it will not cause any harm to the plants living in your garden.
How we can help
If you have spotted any garden fungus growing in your outdoor space, such as the fungi listed above, Lawn & Weed Expert can help!
Our team of experienced professionals can visit your property to assess and confirm the presence of garden fungus and devise a treatment plan to remove them. Want to find out more? Click below to learn more about how we can help and garden fungus infestation on your premises.
Fungus & Mould Protection >